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January 02, 2007


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The last time I went to the vet he said my dogs glands were full and he emptied them. This was a couple months ago. Now she is scooting around and she also smells. Is the odor these glands give off a sour smell - because it is different then "wet dog" smell?


Dear Jackie,

I don't know that I would describe the smell as "sour", but it is extremely pungent. It is a bad smell that is neither "wet dog" nor feces. Typically it will be worst when the stuff first comes out, but the smell can linger for hours. The anal sacs could certainly have refilled in two months. The over-filling causes pressure, pressure causes discomfort, and the dog scoots on its rear in an effort to relieve the discomfort.

Thanks for reading.


When my dog gets nervous, usually when someone enters the house, he lets go this awful smell. It usually lasts like 30 minutes. I'm wondering if this is what is happening, he also often licks his butt when her gets nervous. Its quite embarrassing when guest come over and they are greeted with this awful smell. Is there anything I can do about this besides having them removed? Thanks



It sounds like your dog's nervous excitation causes him to have a "butt-pucker moment", which squeezes out some of the anal sac secretion.

I think having his sacs surgically removed is probably overkill.

Aside from trying to work with his nervousness (a big task), I believe in your case you should invest in some deodorizer. Just wipe his anal area (and the underside of his tail) to get the odor under control sooner. The combination that works best for me is clean him with Pfizer's Canine Eliminodor (an odor-neutralizing compound), followed by a spritz of Lambert-Kay Fresh-n-Clean (the can doctored up to look like "Butt-so-Fresh" in the post).

Good luck.


Thanks for replying so quickly! I agree that it doesn't warrant surgery. I guess I'll have to keep trying to get him over his anxiety. Until then I have a bottle of odor neutralizer at the ready!



My chocolate lab's anus smells extremely bad. We have taken him to the groomer and he still smells awful. He also appears to be bleeding or secreting excrement from his anus. We have called the vet and they just recommended taking him to the groomer to get his anus squeezed. Could there be a bigger problem than his anal sacs being full?


Dear Andrea,

The anal sacs can become infected, needing treatment with systemic (i.e. oral) antibiotics and sometimes infusion of antibiotic ointment directly into the sacs. There is also a condition called perianal fistula.

I would call your veterinarian and tell them that you followed their advice, but you are still having problems and would like to bring your dog in for an examination. I don't think they can fix this over the telephone.

Good luck


My dog was diagnosed with perianal fistula in August. She was succesfully treated with Atopica and Protopic. She was spayed a month ago and the vet decided to decrease her dosage of Atopica from once a day to every other day. She now has an odd odor. She has no discharge, there are no fistulas visible to the eye, is not in distress, no visible symptoms of pain. Could this odd odor be caused from her anal glands themselves? The smell is not a feces type odor. It almost smells like a yeast infection. Have any suggestions for me vets or techs out there?


Hello, Carol,

Anal sac secretions are very strong (and foul) smelling. That is certainly a potential source of the odor,and should be checked (possibly by rectal examination). It is also possible to have yeast (Malassezia sp.) infections in the skin. You have been using drugs that suppress the immune system to control the fistula problem. It is not unreasonable that you might have an infection as a result. Both possibilities should be checked.

I hope this helps.


Hi there,

We have a 10 1/2 year old male beagle. He has been scooting for a long time (years) but we never knew that this was a symptom of full anal sacs. He's never really had any foul odors until about 3-4 weeks ago. He smelled absolutely putrid. We kept bathing him, but the smell would immediately return. The scooting was increasing as well. After a bit of internet research, I learned that he may need to have his anal sacs expressed and took him to the groomer who tried to express them externally with no luck. I then took him to the vet and he was only able to get a very small amount out of one side with an internal expression. The smell seemed to go away for a couple of days but has returned and is more foul than ever. I have also noticed decreased energy and his anus even looks a bit prolapsed. I called the vet and am bringing him back in tomorrow but wondered if what I'm describing sounds to you like infection or something else? I have heard that cheaper dog foods (with a lot of fillers) can contribute to plugged anal sacs because the stools are not firm and the sacs don't get expressed with a bowel movement. We feed him Beneful by purina. Do you think we should switch foods? If so, what would you recommend?



Hello, Julie,

While an anal sac problem would be the first thing I would think of with scooting and a bad odor, it does not appear to be your dog's problem. If the sacs were empty, there may be something else going on. It is possible that the dog had partially emptied them, and they were just still very irritated when the doctor checked them. In that case, it may be necessary to squirt some medication into the sacs to treat this. Your veterinarian will need to do this for you.

It is also possible that there is irritation in the rectum or colon. Clostridium infections can do this (a type of bacteria). Sometimes symptomatic treatment with a combination of Metronidazole and Sulfasalazine will be helpful. Long-term treatment with an antibiotic called Tylosin is another possibility. The Metronidazole and Sulfasalazine are very inexpensive and your veterinarian can prescribe these for you.

Sometimes it is difficult to differentiate the cause of this problem without a little trial therapy.

Good luck, and thanks for reading and writing.

Melissa Spradlin

My 8 month old black miniature schnouser has a really strong dog odor on a daily basis, he needs about 3 to four baths a week to keep him from smelling.Some times even just after a bath he smells & If i take him out even for just fifteen minuets, & after a bath he comes in with a really strong dog smell.He is a house dog and dosent stay outside. I only bathe him once maybe twice a week, he does have a skin allergy and is taking medacine.what other symptoms should i look for if its due to internal issues, or what can i feed him or bath him with to get rid of the smell.


Hello, Melissa,

Check out this posts on possible causes of dog stinkiness:

If your dog's allergy is not controlled well, and he scratches excessively, this can cause an excessive skin oil problem. The oil gets rancid and the dog smells bad just from that. The odor will return rapidly after bathing. Also, dogs that scratch a lot and develop the excessively oily skin frequently have secondary yeast infections on their skin.

Share your concerns with your veterinarian.

Thanks for reading and writing.


We have an english bulldog. He gives the foulest smell, a mixture of dead fish and metal. We take him to the vet to have his glands taken care of regularly..but we just had it done last week and he is already giving off the foul smell again. We just moved, do you think this could be causing him stress?
Thanks for any info or tips on how prevent or treat this awful smell from our lovable bulldog.


Hello, Christy,

You say that your dog goes to his doctor to have his glands taken care of "regularly". Is that once a month, once a week, once every two weeks, or what?
If the odor is from his anal sacs, and you are having to have them emptied every week or so, you might consider surgical removal of the glands. While the operation is a bit delicate, most dogs do well afterwards and then you don't have to deal with this anymore.

A move to a new environment could indeed be stressing the guy. Stress may be producing "butt-pucker" moments, which would spontaneously empty his anal sacs, producing the foul odor.

I would ask your veterinarian to help you be sure that the odor is indeed from the anal sacs, and ask his/her advice about what to do.

Thanks for reading and writing.


I have a 11 year old pekingese. She has never had any problems with her anal sacs before. She got a lump beside her rectum it had a purplish color to it. Then a few hours later it ruptured and oozed out some brownish sticky liquid. There is no blood or green pus and no smell. She doesn't scoot or seem to be in any pain. She is using restroom normally.
Does this sound like a anal sac rupture to you. Thank you for reading and for any advice you can give.


Hello, Teresa,

This does indeed sound like a ruptured anal sac. Most will respond to hot compresses and antibiotic therapy, but other diagnoses are possible and so are complications. You should take your dog to see her doctor.

Thanks for reading and writing.


I have an 11 year old cat, very healthy, but has these 3 small black projections around her anus all the time. She is a very clean cat, active and eats dry food. Like previous readers it's hard to miss when they present their backside to you.
Are these clogged glands, do they need treatment? She has none of the 'scooting' behaviours


Hello, Shaun,

I really couldn't say without seeing and doing a touchy-feelie. They could be serious black-heads (or comedones, as we scientists say). They could also be skin tumors. Maybe they are just black spots.

When she has her next checkup, be sure to ask your veterinarian about them.

Good luck, and thanks for reading and writing.


I have two mini-Dachsunds and both frequently "scoot". They will "scoot" within two weeks of being at the Dr's. When I've taken them into the Dr. in the past, I've always asked to have their sachs suppressed. How often should I take them in for this procedure? They don't seem to be comfortable when they are scooting around the yard or carpet. And is it something that an everyday person can learn to do themselves so as not to have to take the dogs to the vet? Thanks for your input!


Hello, Tracy,

I have one patient who comes in every 14 days to have his anal sacs drained. If this were my dog, I would have his sacs surgically removed. While the procedure is delicate, it is not "major". These folks would rather come see me every two weeks. Who am I to complain? ME, that's who.

It does not take a rocket scientist to express anal sacs. It does take practice. If you worked in a grooming shop all day for a few days, you'd get good at it quickly. When you only try your own dog on rare occasions, it will be difficult for both of you. You just have to learn where to squeeze, and how hard is "hard enough" and how hard is "too hard". Fat dogs often have to be done with one finger inserted in the rectum. That's probably one of those "don't try this at home".

In any event, you need some instruction and practice. Don't just grab them and start squeezing. It actually is possible to cause damage with excessive pressure.

Talk to your regular veterinarian about this.


My dog is not scooting, but definitely has a sour odor emitting from her posterior. I have tried to expell the sacs myself, to no avail. I'm starting to wonder if the smell may be due to something else?


I have a 10 year old Shih-Tzu that has a right lymph node under her chin that is swollen about double size, it has been aspirated and the results were inconclusive, so we are treating her with doxycline for 2 weeks to see if that decreases the swollen lymph node. In the past week I have noticed she has swelling on her anus, one side is pink/red and the other side is black. Could this be a tumor, therefore causing the lymph node swelling? It doesn't seem to bother her, she doesn't mess with it at all or scoot on the carpet. What do you think?


Hello, Jesse,
Sorry about the delay, but I was gone to Scout camp.

While emptying the anal sacs is not a difficult task after one has learned and practiced the technique, it is likely that you would not be completely successful in your attempts, being self-taught.

You should really take your dog to the veterinarian.

Thanks for reading and writing.


Hello, Kathy,

I feel sure that your veterinarian will want to biopsy that lymph node (by surgically removing all of it or a piece of it) if your dog is not much better after the doxycycline.

I suspect you have a recheck appointment scheduled and you should certainly take that opportunity to call your doctor's attention to the dog's anal situation.

Tumors are certainly possible, and they can be related to the other problem, or coincidental and unrelated.

Get that kid back in to the veterinarian.

Thanks for reading and writing.


i have a 5 year old mix, shes part daschund, shitzu and mini poodle. recently she has started pooping in the house, at first we thought it was because we had shrunk her running area, but after having returned it to her normal size she was still pooping in the house. next we noticed that she was starting to have diahrea mixed with red blood. her area around her butt seems to be swollen on both sides, but i think shes always been a bit puffy there. we have never had her sacs expressed. last night she acted like she was having a hard time going and when i brought her in she was oozing red blood out of her butt. i havent actually seen her scoot on the floor, but im pretty sure she did since next her mess in the house there was brown spot like she either sat down or scooted. i am taking her to the vet today, but wondering what your thoughts are.


Hello, Christie,

That doesn't sound like anal sac problems, though she could have those, as well. Seeing your veterinarian is the correct choice, here. Don't forget to bring a tablespoon-ful or more of stool (less than 12 hours old) if possible.

There are many causes of colitis, everything from an infection to bleeding tumors, so don't let this slide.

Thanks for reading and writing.


We have a old english sheep dog and we had her anal glands removed about 8 months ago. She is 2 years old. She would express the glands when she was groomed or bathed everytime. Prior to the surgery she now after being groomed or bathed her butt swells up on one side and it burst (bloody puss like stuff) I think like an infection. The vet just gives us amoxil each time it happens. So I am wondering if he didn't remove it right or if something else is wrong. Or is this going to happen everytime we bath her. I think I need to get another opinion Thanks for any ideas you have!!!!


Hello, Lori,

This is the sort of thing that is impossible to evaluate "long-distance". I would be suspicious that a portion of the anal sac was not completely removed. The secretion builds up, eventually causing a foreign-body type reaction and breaking open.

I would start by asking my regular veterinarian what he believes the cause of the recurring problem actually is (versus just amoxicillin over and over again). If you are not satisfied with the answer, then it may be best to seek a second opinion.

I must stress that long-distance diagnosis is fraught with errors and I may be completely misinterpreting the situation. I urge you to get in better communication with your veterinarian on the matter first.

Thanks for reading and writing.


I have a 12 year old maltese. A couple of months ago she had to have one of her anal sacs emptied. Lately her back end has been wet, but there's no foul stench. The skin of her anus is also a dark color. Thoughts?


Hello, Kim,

I'd like to help you, but this sounds like a job for your regular veterinarian. It needs "touchy-feelie" in addition to looking at. I don't think a picture would be enough to tell much.

Thanks for reading and writing.


Hi Doc, very informative thank you! I had been a little concerned about my min pins anal sacs because he sometimes has attacks of fish butt in the car, when that happens he seems fairly concerned and licks the seat, it sometimes happens at other times and it is pretty stinky but sounds like I have nothing to worry about. No scooting, no discernable discomfort. It is kind of gross when he sits on my arm or my chest and has that problem going on but no one is perfect I suppose.


My 1 1/2yr old Standard poodle seems to express her own anal sacs regularly (every 10 days or so) unfortunately she does it on the couch or on our clothes instead of with her stools outside. It is a clear very foul smelling liquid that comes out even when she's just napping or hanging out. She doesn't scoot or lick/bite her rear end and doesn't seem to feel any discomfort. We had her sacs emptied by the vet 10 days ago and sure enough I stuck my hand in a wet puddle yesterday! She eats only the best quality food and treats and the vet didn't detect any infection or problem, but $25 every week for them to empty her sacs would be a lot of money. Any suggestions (besides doing it myself) to avoid her doing it in a place where we all smell it?


Hello, Melissa,

I can appreciate the unpleasantness of your situation.

The only suggestions that I have are:

1. Regular emptying by veterinarian or groomer (too expensive?)
2. Learn to do it yourself (too gross? nobody wants to teach you?)
3. Have them sacs surgically removed. A significant expense, but it's one time only. The dog certainly doesn't need them for anything.

Sorry I'm not much help here. Good luck.

Thanks for reading and writing.

Celina Malabanan


We have a 10 mos. old American Pitt Bull and he releases the smell you are describing when he is stressed or really excited. This morning we were both laying around half asleep on the couch and i noticed that he was releasing "the smell". Why is he doing so when he is clearly in a relaxed state of mind? Does this mean that his anal sacs are full. If so, how is the proper way to help him empty them? Also, we have to wipe his anal area every time he poops, or else he will come inside and scoot on the carpet. Is this contributing to his anal sacs being too full?


Hello, Celina,

It is very unusual for the anal sacs to leak while the dog is at rest. It is possible that they just do not fully empty in the natural fashion that they should, resulting in them being over-full and leaking.

I do not think that your wiping his bottom is contributing to the problem.

I do think that you should have your dog examined by your regular veterinarian. This is one of those things that is going to need a hands-on (and finger-in) exam.

Thanks for reading and writing.



Thanks for all the info here. Am concerned about our 8 month old neutered male Beagle.

This afternoon for the first time our Beagle acted like he had a quick pain near his rear area and just sat down. This continued for some time, almost looking like it was becoming more frequent and more painful. He seems quite content lying down when normally in the evening he's playfully attacking our older dog or chasing us around with a squeak toy. He has had no injuries, neutering was near two months ago, doesn't seem to be bothered with me poking around trying to pinpoint the source of discomfort. I haven't re-checked his anal area after reading this, but nothing appeared out of the ordinary when first looking. There is no odor. He did do the 'scoot' thing a couple times.

Could the anal sacs be the issue with a dog this young, and does it just come on suddenly like this? Will it pass in time or should we try and get in the Vet first thing tomorrow?

I realize I probably wont be getting an immediate response here, but worse case it will provide advice for others in the future! For now, we'll plan on seeing a Vet tomorrow. Thanks again!


Hello, John,

This is one of those times when you really wich the dog could talk. Most of the time the answer would just be something like, "I don't feel good". Sometimes, though, they might actually tell you where it hurts... IF it hurts.

Anal sac problems can come on in a hurry, and they can happen in young dogs, although they usually don't. Usually it's an older dog, a fat dog, or a little dog with very little muscle tone in the area.

I think you're right on target in getting a checkup from your regular veterinarian as soon as you can. It doesn't sound like a life-threatening emergency, but how long do you want him to hurt?

Thanks for reading and writing.



I think my chihuahua, Frankie, may stump you as he has done to his current vet. I'll try to keep this as short as possible. Approx. 2 weeks ago, I woke up to find Frankie in his bed, shaking and refusing to come to me. He has a reputation for being sassy at times (he has a HUGE personality!) so I let him be. I noticed that he was extremely lethargic and didn't want to get up. When I took him outside, he would walk normally on a leash but was very sluggish. I noticed that his hind legs collapsed a couple of times, but he would still walk fine, no limp, would still stand on one leg to pee. Obviously I poked and prodded him all over, I assumed he had hurt his leg (my other chi does this all the time with luxating patella) but I couldn't find a source of pain. I know the usual Rx for this is "keep him off of it." So I did. 3 days later, he was no better. He just layed around, acting miserable. I brought him to the vet and they found he had an anal sac infection. They emptied them, and sent me home with Clavamox and some pain meds. Over the next few days, he still had no improvement. He is SO lethargic! I brought him back to the vet, and they said that his anal sac infection had greatly improved so he really shouldnt still be that uncomfortable. They emptied what little was in his sacs, gave me a different pain med and sent me back home to monitor him. Few days later, same miserable Frankie. Back to the vet. This time, he has a 103.9 fever. They put him on IV for fluids to get his fever down, and did bloodwork along with every test they could think of (Addisons, Cushings,etc), and even did xrays to make sure he didn't have some type of mild obstruction. Every test was normal. Frankie is still mopey, and in the past couple of days I have noticed that his hind legs have kind of given out a couple of times, but again I can find no pain or injury. I also noticed since this whole saga began that he had tremors, mainly concentrated in his back legs. He's had a lot of them over the past couple of days. I brought him back to the vet today, where they are monitoring him again. The vet said that if nothing shows up today and she's still stumped, she will refer me to a specialist on MOnday. Said he could possibly have some type of spinal cord inflammation or somthing. What does it sound like to you? Just to summarize, here are his current symptoms: Extreme and constant lethargy, leg tremors, very occasional leg lameness (doesn't want to climb stairs, up or down), has had a normal temp for about 5 days, no vomiting or diarrhea, will eat soft food if I feed it to him though won't eat a ton, will drink water on his own. He just seems like he's in pain...He lies there shaking looking at the ceiling with glassy eyes and when I call his name sometimes he won't look at me. And when we come in from walking he either immediately goes to his bed or will sit under the coffee table like he's hiding? I just want him to stop suffering from whatever it is, and I want my little Monkey back!!! Please help!


Just an additional bit of info on Frankie: He was diagnosed with anal sac infection on Wed Oct 1st. The vet told me that the infection was better at our second visit on Oct 3rd. On October 9th, they said it was pretty much clear. Is it possible that he is still in a great deal of pain from this infection? Or should I go ahead and see a specialist? I can't take him suffering...


It sounds to me like your veterinarian's assessment of spinal cord inflammation may be close to the mark. They have ruled out many other possibilities and some type of neurological problem does fit the clinical signs that you have described.

I urge you to follow your veterinarian's recommendation to see a specialist, an internal medicine specialist first, then possibly a neurologist. If there is a veterinary school nearby, it's great to have the benefit of all the specialties under one roof.

Good luck.

Robert Sawtelle

This article is overdue because it is not an every day subject. My dog had this problem and I had no idea about this until it arose. Thank you.

Robert Sawtelle

This article is overdue because it is not an every day subject. My dog had this problem and I had no idea about this until it arose. Thank you.


My mini schnauzer had her anal glands surgically removed on Wednesday, she has had extreme leakage the last two days. It's only Friday but I'm totally stressed out and thinking that I should have continued to have them drained every other week instead of doing the surgery. Does this leakage mean that the surgery was a failure or is this common for a few days? If so, how long?


Hello, Kam,

You should contact your veterinarian. It is quite possible that the incisions have become infected. Regardless of WHAT is wrong, something IS wrong if there is drainage. Your doctor will want to know and check it out.

Surgical incisions heal best if kept clean and dry. These incisions are next to the dog's anus. This is not a clean, dry place. It is quite difficult to avoid some contamination during the healing period, making infections fairly common.

Again, let your veterinarian know what is going on.

Thanks for reading and writing.


For several weeks my Bichon
has been emitting that real
putrid odor and we wash her
hind area. My husband does
groom her and squeeze her anal sac, but why is she releasing it herself so much in the past few weeks?
Appreciate your opinion and
suggestions, thanks.


Hello, Jo,

Two things come to mind here. One is that dogs who stress easily can have "butt-pucker moments" when they spontaneously expel secretion, due to sudden contraction of their anal sphincter. It would be unusual for this to be a continuing event in the home.

The second thing that comes to mind is that the sacs are not being fully emptied, despite your efforts to do so. Dogs whose sacs remain full have discomfort, which they try to alleviate by scooting on their rears. This can empty a bit of the secretion, but it winds up smeared on the dog, rather than free on top of the stool outside somewhere.

If the sacs are infected, the dog may behave similarly, even if there is not a great deal of secretion accumulated.

Your best bet is to have your veterinarian assess the situation. He/she will be able to tell whether the sacs are overly full, and whether the secretion is abnormal.

Thanks for reading and writing.

vanessa drakain

i just purchased a great dane puppy from a breeder.. he is going to be 8 weeks old on the 27th of november... that being said i noticed during the 6 days ive had him his anus seems to pucker out more than normal.. i have expressed his anal sacs.. they emptied but they still tend to pucker out.. its not always puckered.. just sometimes.. should i be greatly concerned? he is not in any type of pain at all.. he doesnt lick or scoot his rear end... but it does look a lil...odd.. to say the least... its not like a hemrrode (sorrie for bad spelling)... it look like his anus is just "longer" than normal... like it extends further from his body than it should... if that makes any sense... so what do you think?


Hello, Vanessa,

Without actually seeing it, I suspect that this is something that he will "grow out of" (or "grow into"). I often see puppies that look a little weird back there and look perfectly normal as they mature.

Be sure to mention it to you veterinarian when you take him in for his first check-up (which should be right away).

Thanks for reading and writing.


We have an 11 yr old Min Pin who has an infected anal sac. He is overweight, but otherwise healthy and energetic for his age. We didnt notice any symtems until we noticed some bleeding from a rupture. He had one other espisode some years earlier and the vet emptied the sacs manually. However they were not able to empty them this time. They prescribed antibiotics and suggested removal of the glands might be the best course of action. What do you think of the chances of success of the operation? Are there any other courses of treatment you would recommend?


Hello, Dan,

Many of these will heal with antibiotic therapy and some supportive care in the way of a hot compress applied for 10 to 15 minutes, three times daily.

If there are recurrences, I would consider having the sacs removed. However, some dogs have this problem once and have no futher trouble. After he heals (assuming that he does), you should have your veterinarian check his anal sacs monthly for a while to keep tabs on things.

The surgery is a complete removal of the sacs, so that's the end of the problem. One has to be careful with the procedure so that the anal sphincter is not damaged, resulting in incontinence. However, I'm sure your veterinarian is capable.

Post-surgical infections are common, as one is supposed to keep incisions clean and dry, and these incisions are next to his anus -- not a clean place.

Your veterinarian is actually seeing your dog, and is the best qualified individual to advise you.

Thanks for reading and writing.


I want to thank you for such an informative site. As a life long dog owner, I have only recently become aware of anal sac "issues" when our latest canine addition was a male Jack Russell pup. The almost daily spontaneous expulsion of his anal sacs is the most foul smelling experience I've ever had - and there have been many 'fox poo' moments with the pups over the years! Now I've read this page, I will be taking 'the smelly one' to visit our vet tomorrow. Thank you for the great advice.


Less than a year ago my cat went through a procedure to flush the anal glands. Yesterday, the same problem. This time the vet did just express the gland and gave him an injection. The expressing was pretty painful. I don't think he's getting better since he's licking a lot.
What else to do?
How to treat?
How to prevent future episodes since this is the 2nd one in less than a year?
How to incorporate fiber on his diet?
Please help me.
Thank you very much


My 14 year old male dachsund has a eraser size blister at the 7 o'clock position of the anus. He appeared to be lethargic recently, shallow breathing, with cool extremities. I thought he might be diabetic so I gave him orange marmalade on bread to pick up his blood sugar. The anal problem I thought was just a rub blister from the carpet. It appears after reading and taking him to the vet that day that he may have a anal sac infection. This was a new vet filling in so I wanted to buy time for the regular vet to return and wanted a run of oral antibiotics (Keflex) and he recommended pain meds in case. After the first does he picked up and seems to be getting back to normal. I have been applying warm compresses to the area. Tried to external express the fluid with not results. I want to avoid surgery at all cost with his age and my area does not have a big vet selection. His blood work was normal in all ranges except Albumen (just under high) and Phosphate (just under)? He has not been neutered and has recently had swelling near his front right shoulder.I fear cancer the most but since Keflex that has reduced. Please give your recommendations as I do not want to do more harm in expressing the glands if they are clogged or have burst on that one side.


Hello, Anabela,

The easiest way to add fiber would be to use a low-calorie diet. They have fiber added. Also, the hairball control diets have additional fiber.
You could add a 1/4 teaspoon of plain, unflavored metamucil (psyllium) powder to the regular food.

It is unusual for cats to have anal sac problems. If he continues to have difficulty I would strongly consider having the sacs surgically removed.

If having the sacs emptied is painful, sedation may be required. When they are infected, we also use a tiny, blunt-tipped needle (cannula) to infuse medication directly into the sacs. I have had pretty good success using an ear medication called Otomax. You would definitely need a tranquilizer for the infusion procedure.

Systemic (oral) antibiotics can be helpful, and so can using a hot compress on the area for 10 to 15 minutes, three times daily. I run a pan of water as hot as I can stand to put my own hand in it. I wring out a small towel and use that to apply heat. Heat causes capillaries to dilate, bringing more blood supply to the area (more antibiotic, more oxygen, more healing factors), and this speeds the healing. The heat also can help break up crud that needs to drain.

Good luck.


Hello, Jan,

You don't want to get rough, but the glands should be emptied with gentle pressure. It sounds like one of the sacs has already abscessed and ruptured. In cases like this, I usually have to put a finger in the rectum to better assess the situation. I empty what I can with gentle pressure, cleaning both sacs.

If the stuff is too hard to empty, I infuse an oily ointment into the sacs to break it up.

The hot compresses three times a day are very helpful. Heat dilates the capillary blood vessels, bringing in more circulation, antibiotic, oxygen and nutrition. It really can speed the healing.

The pain medication is certainly a good idea, as this has GOT to hurt.

There is a good chance that this will heal without surgery. You may have to change antibiotics if the Keflex (cephalexin) isn't working. I also use Clavamox and Primor on these.

Good luck.


Hello - first f all, thank you for this site - the information in yor replies to other posters has been useful to read. My cat apparently has an anal sac infection. The vet put her on one medicine for two weeks, which didnt seem to work well enough, so now she is on another medication. I think it is looking worse, and sore and a bit inflammed. What are some of the things they may consider doing next if this 2nd medication does not get rid of the problem? Is it possible that they will try another oral medication, or inject something or have to do a surgical procedure? Is this type of surgery very expensive? Thank you very much!!!


Hello, Cilla,

Some anal sac infections will not get better without surgical drainage, sometimes as simple as just lancing an abscess (making a drain hole low on the sac to allow infected material to drain freely).

Sometimes we are successful in infusing the sac with medication. We take a blunt-tipped needle and insert it into the natural opening, and inject medicine to flush the sac.

With continuing problems, the patient may be better off with simply removing the sac entirely. Its only function is to produce a scent territorial marker, which is not needed.

The removal of the entire sac is the only one of these procedures that most people would consider moderately expensive. It is not a major surgery in regard to the amount of tissue removed, but it is a delicate surgery and one must be very careful not to damage the anal sphincter. It certainly requires a skilled and careful surgeon for a successful outcome.

As far as being "very expensive", that depends on what your doctor charges and what your budget is. If your budget is five bucks, then twenty is expensive. If you're expecting five hundred and it's one hundred, then it's cheap.

I really can give you only the most general of advice. Your veterinarian is the one best equipped to answer your questions, as he/she has seen your pet.

Good luck.


I'm very glad I found this site. The previous comments are very helpful. I'm hoping you can give me some more insight, though. My 8 1/2-year old male Pitt Bull had his sacs expressed on Friday, and the vet said there was no sign of an infection. He was fine until Monday, then the smell started coming back. By Tuesday the sacs were leaking (never happened before). It's getting really tiring to wipe his behind every 40 minutes or so. Since we're out of town right now, I'm trying to decide if he needs to go to a local vet. (sorry to get a bit graphic...) The color of the leakage started out more on the clear side with a hint of brown color and the normal smell that was initially noted before getting the sacs expressed. In the past 12 hours or so, the color has been getting darker and redder and the smell is getting a lot more foul. Could my vet have been wrong in saying there was no infection? And why would it be getting suddenly worse a few days after having the sacs expressed? I hate to see my little guy suffering. Any advice would be great!


Hello, Lisa,

It sounds to me like the infection was just getting started when your veterinarian looked at the dog and expressed the sacs a few days ago.

This "Monday morning quarterback" stuff is always just so much speculation, but this is my suspicion:

The dog had enough inflammation that he was uncomfortable, so you took him in. The doctor emptied the sacs and the secretion looked normal and expressed easily. The infection (being in the early stage), while uncomfortable, had not progressed to producing the yucky stuff that you are now seeing.

Since then, the infection got progressively worse (it was actually there all the time, even though it wasn't obvious at the time of the first exam). Now it's major yucky and needs to be rechecked, possibly flushed out and infused with medication, probably needing oral antibiotics and hot compresses topically.

We make our best judgment based on what you (the owner) tell us about what has been happening at home and what we can see during the exam. If things change, we need to know that so that we can re-evaluate our diagnosis and treatment plan.

The fact is, your dog's situation looks a lot different today than it did when your veterinarian saw the dog. You need to get this feedback to your veterinarian so that he/she can help you.

Good luck.


Doc, thank you so much for the fast response. I'm going to take him to a local vet first thing tomorrow morning and get him checked out. Your reply really helped since we are on vacation with him and away from our regular vet. Thanks again!

Take care,

Rachel Williams

Our dog has had his glands cleaned and the vet has given him atopica to take. Is it usual for this drug to be used for anal gland problems.


Hello, Rachel,

Some dogs with anal sac problems have an immune-mediated problem. The inflammation is caused by the body's own defense system. The body has mistakenly begun to attack the area as though it were some sort of germ invader.

Atopica suppresses the immune response with fewer side-effects than the cortisone type drugs.

I would not say that it is used "commonly" because it is more expensive than some other medicines. However, it can be very beneficial in reducing inflammation in the area IF it is immune-mediated. It is the drug of choice for peri-anal fistulas (another, much worse, problem in that general area).

If you do not fully understand why the drug is being used, ask your veterinarian for clarification. Sometimes we think that we have explained things fully and eloquently. The client misses part of it for whatever reason and is embarrassed to ask. Don't be. I feel that if you didn't understand my explanation, it wasn't a very good explanation.

Talk to your veterinarian about your concerns.

Amanda S.

Hi..I have a 3 year old male IG who had his sack rupture this morning. We took him to the vet who squeezed out the other side, but stated there is a mass still present in one side and suggesting we have surgery next week to remove it. Does this sound right? He has blood work done a few months ago and everything seemed normal. I am wondering if I should get a second opinion?


Hello, Amanda,

Your veterinarian is in a better position to recommend the course of treatment than I am. Without performing a rectal examination myself, I really cannot speak to your dog's condition.

In general, anal sacs that become impacted, infected and rupture will have a lot of inflammatory swelling present. This could mimic a mass.

My usual approach to one of these is a week's course of antibiotic treatment (Clavamox or Primor) and hot compresses three times daily until the drainage stops and swelling is reduced.

If things are looking pretty good outwardly at this point BUT the mass can still be felt with a rectal exam, then surgery would certainly be indicated. Anal gland tumors are heavily influenced by testosterone, so an intact male should be neutered at the same time. While a tumor would be unusual in such a young dog, it is certainly possible.

Good luck


Why does my Schnauzer smell like corn chips? He's 11 years old and this problem has developed in the last 3 months or so. I'm bathing him more and more often, but it's gotten to the point that he's stinky again the following morning. Within a few days, nobody wants to be near him! He has no skin problems at all, no fleas, no ticks, very rarely scratches.


Hello, lfeagins,

Well, my own sense of smell is not great, so I may not be the best person to ask. I'm trying to think of a stinky dog I've seen that smelled like Fritos.

I think it's possible that you are smelling the "rancid oil"-smell that you get when a dog is producing too much of his natural skin oil. This happens with some dogs who are just genetically messed up, a fairly common problem in Cocker Spaniels. However, those dogs have a lifelong problem.

For dogs that develop Seborrhea oleosa (oily seborrhea) later in life, most have either a bad itching problem (and self trauma cranks up the skin oil glands), or a yeast infection in the skin. These dogs usually have greasy-feeling skin, as well as the funky odor.

I would recommend that you make an appointment for the dog with your veterinarian, and refrain from bathing for at least 5 days before the appointment. You want the doctor to see/smell it at its worst.

Good luck.


I have a 7yr old Tabby who has always had a little bit of rectal bleeding for the past 5 yrs or so. It would happen only about once every 2 months and she was perfectly healthy otherwise. Our vet would recommend having her drink more water and eat less fatty foods. We did this and it helped. We recently moved and switched vets. The new vet recommended having her anal sacs emptyied. We had never had this done before. A few days after her this visit to that vet, her condition has gotten worse. She now has a mucousy diarhea like discharge drip from her anus after a normal stool. Something that happens 2/week now and did not happen before getting her anal glands emptyied by the vet. Even more alarming is that the rectal bleeding is more frequent now, about once a week. The blood is bright red and few drops drip from her anus. Her stool looks normal but is slightly coated by thick mucous like blood in some areas. Please help! I want to know if the vet somehow hurt my cat.


Hello, Cecilia,

Since I cannot actually examine your cat, I can only give you general ideas.

First, I think it is unlikely that your new veterinarian injured your cat in cleaning the anal sacs. With recurring blood from the anal area, it would make sense to drain the sacs to examine whether or not they are the source. While cats have fewer problems than dogs in this area, there are many toy-breed dogs whose sacs do not drain automatically and require assistance every month, or more often. This is not likely to be a traumatic procedure.

With a problem that has been going on for five years, it seems more likely that we are seeing a worsening of that problem, and it is time for some diagnostic tests. You could try changing the diet again to add fiber, but five years is a long time to be passing blood. If it were my own colon bleeding, I believe I would have asked the doctor to take a look in there before now.

The mucus on the stool usually means you have colitis. This term is not really a diagnosis, meaning only "inflammation of the colon". This could be anything from parasites to an infection to a tumor to inflammatory bowel disease. Often the diagnosis cannot be made definitively without colonoscopy and a biopsy. The biopsy might require surgery, but can probably be done with an endoscope under light anesthesia.

Other tests would include rectal cytology (just takes a cotton swab in the rectum), fecal flotation for parasites, and possibly a stool culture.

It sure sounds to me like it's time for some diagnostic testing for your cat.

Good luck.


I have an 8 year old german shorthair with an infected anal gland. He did not scoot and his tail is not docked so, unfortunately I did not notice a problem until I bathed him earlier today. I expressed them externally (which I have done before) but it appeared that most of what came out was from the other side, and it was pretty thick. Financially, I cannot bring him to an emergency vet so it will be another 36 hours before I can get him in. I have given him metronidazole and baby aspirin for the pain hoping that will hold him over until I can get him in (the metronidazole was excess the vet had given me from a previous infection). I plan on doing an internal expression tomorrow but, should I? I would like to hear what you think I should do until I can get him in. FYI I am a zoologist and work with animals so I have access to metacam and buprenorphine, would one of these be better for his pain? Also, is there a topical I can apply to his irritated skin around that area that would help?


Hello, Marni,

I cannot prescribe for your dog, as I have not examined him.

I would recommend hot compresses applied to the area for 15 minutes three times daily. I doubt that topical medications will help much. You can use the Neosporin Plus Pain Relief for its topical numbing property.

Buprenorphine is a narcotic pain reliever and would be more effective than the aspirin. It could be used on top of the aspirin, but due to our lack of doctor/client/patient relationship, I cannot recommend a dose for you.

Metacam would be more effective than the aspirin, but the two should not be combined. You need a 24-hour "washout" (zero aspirin for 24 hours)before starting the Metacam.

Putting a finger in the rectum to help express the anal sacs will give one a better grip and a better feeling for the size of the infected sac. HOWEVER, putting too much pressure on the area can certainly make things worse. I cannot recommend this to an inexperienced operator.

These cases may or may not require surgical drainage. There are other antibiotics that will probably penetrate better than the metronidazole.

Good luck.


Hello, Doc!

Great to find this article -- even after a year! We have a question, though. Could blocked anal glands cause lethargy? Our dog, Jake, was scooting quite a bit. We didn't think much of it -- he can normally expel his sacs on his own. But now he's not acting like himself. We took him to his regular vet, and she noticed he's been chewing on the area around his penis, causing a raw spot that has been oozing pus. She prescribed Keflex for him. However, we forgot to mention the scooting bit and are wondering if it could be related.

He's still emptying his bowels on a regular basis and peeing normally. He was diagnosed with bladder stones about a year ago and had several removed. Since then, he's been on Prescription Diet U/D. We try to limit any and all extra protein (though some occasionally sneaks in).

Any thoughts on Jake? Feel free to e-mail me as well. :)

MissSea =)


Hello, Miss Sea,

Usually blocked anal sacs cause local discomfort, with scooting, rubbing or chewing at the area. If they are infected, that can certainly make the dog feel bad.

If his other problem does not resolve, or if it does get better and Jake still feels bad, be sure to mention your concerns to your veterinarian.

If she found the problem around his penis, she is probably doing a pretty thorough physical exam. If she repeats that and cannot see an obvious cause for Jake's problem, then she will probably want to do some diagnostic testing.

If she recommends a complete blood count and blood chemistry profile, that would be a pretty basic start to screen for medical problems.

Be sure to stay in touch with your veterinarian and let her know how Jake is doing. If she doesn't hear anything, she will assume he is getting well and everybody is happy.

Good luck.


My 6 year old samoyed seems to be lazy when passing a stool, he will then walk around dropping lumps of feces around the house. Any ideas? Thanking you in anticipation. Dawn


Hello, Dawn,

I would recommend that you take you dog to see his veterinarian. He/she can check the anal sphincter and related structures. It would also be good to take stool specimen (about one teaspoonful, same day it is passed) for microscopic examination.

You need to rule out parasites, colon irritation, and sphincter problems first. This is not something that can be done over the phone.

Good luck.


Our son has an English Bulldog and after this last visit I am ready for wood floors. How often should his anal sac be cleaned? With what? I had brown shots all over my carpet and after the 4th day it appeared to be more watery. Could that be from eating other than the dog food?


Hello, Weymouth,

The anal sacs are emptied (cleaned) by gentle squeezing. Sometimes this can be done externally. With an English Bulldog, it may require inserting a finger into the rectum to get a better grip on the sac.

In dogs whose sacs do not empty spontaneously at the end of the bowel movement, the secretion accumulates, causing pressure and discomfort. The dog scoots around on his bottom, trying to relieve this. If successful, some of the foul-smelling secretion comes out.

If the spots are anal sac secretion, it has nothing to do with what the dog eats. If the spots are loose stool, then yes, it could be diarrhea from a change in diet.

Try to keep the diet consistent and have your veterinarian check the dog's anal sacs to see if there is a problem there.

Good luck.

Paula Wright

I work at a veterinary clinic. I have previously worked as a groomer and decided to go into the vet tech field. I help the groomer's at the clinic every now and then when time allows and one of them wanted me to express her dog's anal sacs. I did and a lot, I mean a lot of the mess squirted out and it was in liquid form, a watery stinky dark brown. She said did you get it all and I said, yes, I see there's definitely more in there. So I squeezed again and blood spurted out, a good deal. All this stuff was liquid mind you and not solid, so what does this mean exactly? Our substitute vet was filling in for the original and he felt around and said he believed one was ruptured. All the stuff came out easily so what in the world happened? An infection? The dog is a pointer and it is an 8 year old female. She is in tact and hasn't been fixed either. The groomer said she was licking her bottom and a foul smell was coming from her anus. And her anus was red, but the dog never whimpered or anything when I was doing all of this. The fill-in vet finished emptied what was left in the sac/s which was a little more blood, but most I had emptied. If I had known they were like this I would've let the vet have a look first but I thought it's coming out easily so they're not rock-hard and the stuff's not pastey-like. Probably should've been infiltrated instead. He prescribed antibiotics for it and Panalog to apply into the rectum/sac.

With all this said, even if they're not rock-hard and it comes out easily, it proves that it is better off and safer to have the vet do this procedure, especially if there's a foul odor coming from the sacs. I always let the vet do this procedure when you can't get the stuff to come out easily b/c they can rupture from the pressure you apply, but I'd never expect this to happen when it comes out like a faucet and I was applying firm pressure but not that hard.


Hello, Paula,

From your description, I suspect all the bloody, nasty material was already present in the sacs, and was not produced as a result of your manipulations.

Sometimes they do become infected spontaneously, and I surely don't know why. When I find one like that, I flush the sacs out with Otomax or Panalog or some similar greasy ointment with antibiotics and steroids. Then I send the patient home with oral antibiotics and instructions to apply a hot compress three times daily. We recheck in a week.

Dogs that have persistent or recurring problems are candidates for removal of the anal sacs, in my humble opinion.

Thanks for reading and writing.


Hi. Are you still there? My dog has what I think is an anal gland infection. He had it before--I took him in and the tech who expressed the sacs said she didn't like the color or consistency of the fluid (kind of thick). He got some purple pills (don't remember the name) and had no more problems for about a year. Well it's back. I learned to express the sacs rectally (I'm a physcian) and the fluid is slightly bloody with some thick bits in it. What kind of antibiotic would you recommend? Clindamycin?


Hello, Dr. Isabella,

It certainly sounds as though you have an anal sac infection there. Anal sac neoplasia more commonly manifests as a palpable mass.

The purple pill might have been Baytril (enrofloxacin), but I'd hate to make that extrapolation and swear to it.

I really can only give you general advice, as I am not actually attending your dog's case. Therefore I cannot prescribe a specific medication for you. I have had good luck with antibiotics that one would prescribe for a deep pyoderma, i.e. those that would achieve a high level of concentration in the skin and subcutis.

Applying a hot compress to the area for 10 to 15 minutes three times daily is often helpful.

Some of these cases will not do well unless the sac is irrigated and infused with antibiotics (+/- steroids - I often use an oily otic preparation; the disadvantage being that those are a little thick to push through a 20-gauge olive-tipped catheter). Some dogs will tolerate this infusion with minimal restraint, while others will require sedation.

Dogs that have chronically recurring problems can have the sacs surgically removed and eliminate the situation in the future. This is a scent-marking apparatus and of no practical use to a house-pet, so they get along fine without them. The surgery requires some delicacy, so as not to produce incontinence, but it's not rocket science.

I hope this helps you in your decision. Just as I feel competent treat myself, I can understand your willingness to treat your dog. However, I let someone else do my colonoscopy. I would recommend that you discuss your options with your regular veterinarian.

Good luck.


Thank-you sooo much for the info! We had an little old dog that smelled very foul. We actually joked about taking turns opening the laundry room door to let her out in the morning. She was 16 when it started and the vet really would not do much for her because she was literally barely hanging on but managed to stay with us for another year. She took 5-10 min everyday to get on her feet and many times during the day we would think she had passed because she slept so deeply and was completely limp when we tried to wake her. I stress this so you don't think poorly of the vet. We never really discussed the cause of the smell but it was awful. Shortly after her 17th birthday she left us. Now my other pooch is getting on and we thought it was just "old dog smell". So glad for the info as a course of antibiotics cleared it up! Your web page is really a blessing! Thanks again!


My little Chihuahua/Greyhound cross had a walnut sized lump next o her anus. Called the ER (it's Saturday) and they agreed this would probably be anal glands. I tried to express it and it ruptured. Bunch of goo came out. She has been licking it on and off since.

If she shows no other signs am I looking at needing systemic antibiotics? I saw something about topical antibiotic. Would this be like Neopsporin? Is licking it good or bad? When you say hot compress, how hot? Like body temperature or hotter? I can stand pretty hot water and don't want to burn her. Does it help to put anything in the water for the compress? Like salt or something?

Thanks bunches!


P.S. She is s very active little dog with good muscles, so I don't think that's an issue. This seems to have blown up overnight. Though I wasn't home yesterday and could easily have missed something.


Hello, Adrienne,

Sorry to be so late on this. We have been changing over our practice management computer software in the last week and it has been killing me.

Topical antibiotics like Neosporin won't hurt, but really won't penetrate deep enough to help the infected tissue. Systemic antibiotics work much better, like oral Primor (a potentiated sulfa).

If you think your pain tolerance is too high, then use water as hot as your wimpy friend can stand to put his/her hand in it. You just don't want to scald the dog. It should feel good, not bad. Putting stuff in the water really doesn't make much of a difference.

Licking doesn't really help, but you can hardly keep them from doing it. Their mouth is full of bacteria and saliva really doesn't have any healing properties to speak of in a wound. It's just all they know how to do.

I hope things are going well now.


The one ruptured and healed.

Now the other one is getting swollen and hard. Shold I just have the vet express it?


To expand (now that the computer is letting me post). Thanks for the help. I can relate to software issues!

It ruptured but there was absolutely *no* smell. No smell at all and I was expecting a horrible stink. What came out looked like little bits of dried blood in a clear fluid. I used hot compresses. I gave her a squirt of colloidal silver and spritzed the wound with it. Natural anitbiotic, figured it couldn't hurt.

She showed no signs of fever -- no hotness, no lethargy, eating, active. So I just kept an eye on her. The swelling was cut in half that day and now, two days later it is back to normal size and the skin has healed over.

But as above, the other side has swollen up to several times it's size.

Very bizarre.


It is possible that if it is just impacted (stopped up) the veterinarian will be able to empty it. It is also possible that this sac is headed for the same outcome.
If this problem keeps recurring, consider surgical removal of the sacs. They serve no useful purpose, and the solution is permanent.


Well, took her to the vet. He got some of the gunk out, said there was not enough fluid to lance it . Put her on antibiotics. They seem to be knocking her out pretty well. Hopefully this will help.

I'll let you know!


Hi, I have a 5 year old pekignese. He hasn't had any problems before. I noticed him acting strangely today when trying to use the restroom. After straining for about 6 or 7 minutes, he was finally able to go. He wouldn't walk or move after pottying. I went to pick him up and he cried, after that i looked at his behind and noticed a large purple bulge on his anus. Its very painful for him. He is extremely uncomfortable. What could be the problem? This has never happened before. I plan on taking him to the vet tommorrow.


I am in a panic over my pekingese. I appreciate you taking the time to chat with me. I just couldn't bare losing my dog. I have no clue as to why this happened....Thank you


Hello, Amanda,

I can't really make a "long-distance" diagnosis, but..

Your description sounds like your dog is developing an abscess in his anal sac. It may burst on its own before you get to the veterinarian. If not, he/she will probably lance it so that it can drain.

In the meantime, it usually helps to use a hot compress on the area. It might make it break and drain sooner. It is certainly helpful after the drainage process starts. Heat opens up the blood vessels in the area, bringing more circulation for faster healing - more oxygen, more nutrition, more antibiotics (which your veterinarian will likely be prescribing).

I usually take a pan of water as warm as I can stand to put my own hand in. I soak a dish-towel and use that to apply moist heat to the affected area.

Seeing your veterinarian is absolutely the right thing to do here.



I have two chihuahuas and they are both about 6 lbs, they are both 2 years old, one of them has the recently started scooting her butt around the floor every so often and so I was freaking out thinking it was worms. I went to the Vet and they tested her for worms and it came back negative. Now, that I read your post, I am almost sure that she has this problem because for the past week at least once a day she releases a disgusting "metal" like smell that is very strong and can stink up the whole entire room. She is very small so my question is should I take her to get that drained?? and how much does that cost?? and also is this due to the type of food they eat??


Hello, Marly,

It surely does sound like you have anal sac problems. If they are drained completely, this should relieve the dog's discomfort for weeks, plus no odor.

I would take her in for the procedure. I would not expect it to be expensive. Usually one of the technicians can do it, rather than the doctor. The doctor may prefer to examine the area the first time the problem is presented, and do it himself/herself.

It should give you relief, and be inexpensive.

Good luck.

Doug W

My French bulldog definately has a ruptured anal sack. (bloody, pus discharge) I noticed the enlarged sac this morning and then this afternoon it looks like it has popped. do you recommend stitches? or just warm compress and antibiotics?


Hello, Doug,

These usually do not require surgery. Antibiotics and warm compresses usually take care of them. Even if you were going to do surgery, you would wish to wait until the infection is under control. By that time they are usually healed.

I usually prepare a pan of water about as hot as I can stand to put my hand in. I wring out a small towel and use that to apply the heat for 10 to 15 minutes, three times daily. This also cleans the area as you are removing the towel and re-wetting it.

It would be a good idea to have your veterinarian take a look at this.

Good luck.

derrick feliciano

my dog had been staying with my parents. i just got him back.he has an ear infection which is beening treated.he seems to have a fever cause his ears are really warm. he always sleeps in his cage but on his second night i didnt put him there and was awoken to him nudging my hand as if he wanted out or attention he jumped on the bed and layed down i then got up to take him out i get to the door and notice he was carring his tail weird and as he went out he yelped and nipped at his tail and sat down.i looked for anything odd in the area and didnt see anything, i tried to lift his tail but he wont let me . he is walking around fine and went pee fine but yelps when he tries to rais his tail. he is panting alot and has me concerned. what is the poblem and what should i do.


Hello, Derrick,

I wish I could make a long-distance diagnosis for you, but this one doesn't jump out at me. I think your best bet this time is to take your dog to see his veterinarian.

Sorry I can't be of more help.


Hi. Our dog had a red, puffy spot next to her anus which then started to bleed. We took her to the vet and they told us she had a ruptured anal gland. They flushed it out and gave us medication to give her. About 6 or so months later it happened again, and this time it was worse than before. We took her to the vet, a different one as I moved states, and they sedated her and went in to clean it out. I was giving her oral medicine as well as injecting some into the actual wound. This has been a couple of weeks ago now. It was starting to look a lot better, but last night we noticed it was really puffy and red. This morning I noticed blood in her bed and when I looked it appears as though the puffy part had popped and there is blood all around the area. We are taking her into the vet this afternoon, but what do you think would be the cause of this? Thanks!


Hello, Kelly,

You do not say how old your dog is. An older dog might possibly have a tumor in this area, which would not heal very well.

Regardless of the dog's age, you may simply need to take a different antibiotic. The vast majority of these respond to antibiotics and hot compresses three times daily.

When your veterinarian re-examines her, he may find a need to culture the area to help with antibiotic selection (though sometimes we just pick another drug that usually works in the area).

He/she also might feel the need to perform a biopsy if there is any indication that a tumor might be present.

Be sure and let your veterinarian know about your questions.

Good luck.

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